Self-Directed Language Learning With Duolingo in an Out-of-class Context
Abstract: This research investigates the phenomenon of self-directed language learning (SDLL) when language learners use educational tools like Duolingo in an out of classroom context. We conducted in-depth and semi-structured interviews with 10 Duolingo users. Study results indicated that learners manage various human and material learning resources to complement each other in order to accomplish their language learning goals. Importantly, learners self-monitor their learning process through feelings of knowing, content evaluation, and the judgment of the adequacy of information available. Meanwhile, they highly rely on technology to monitor their learning through habit reinforcement and tracking. Additionally, learners are mostly driven by intrinsic needs and interests, such as culture, travel, and brain training. While most existing studies on self-directed language learning (SDLL) with technology have been conducted in a formal learning context, the results of this study provide some insights into SDLL independent of formal school contexts.