Developing a Global Citizenship Indicator for University Students Using the Delphi Technique
Abstract: This study aimed to develop and validate a global citizenship indicator for university students. We have first defined four constructs of global citizenship such as knowledge and understanding, skills, values and attitudes, and practice and behavioral intention. Initially, 59 items based on a literature review were developed within four constructs. Then, a two-round Delphi with 19 experts was carried out and the global citizenship indicator for university students had finally been refined to a total of 46 items, including 13 items of knowledge and understanding, 9 items of skills, 13 items of values and attitudes, and 11 items of practice and behavioral intention. The final 46 items met the content validity criteria. This paper proposed future usage of the indicator and suggested directions for future research.