Employing Expert System’s Viewpoint to Investigate the Low Achievement Students’ Problem-solving Process in Taiwan
Abstract: In the current mathematics curricula for high school students in Taiwan, there are too many rules, concepts, test item patterns, and formulas to learn. Often is the case that students can memorize the formulas thoroughly, but when they are faced with questions items, they simply don’t know what to do. To improve this situation, this study incorporates the concepts of “Expert System” and “Strategy Tree” into mathematics teachings in high schools. This study adopts single-group experiment design, using “Thinking Aloud” method to investigate mathematical problem-solving process of the six students in the experiment group. We’ve found that the wholeness of mathematical problem-solving process, math knowledge, and meta-cognition all have influence on whether the question items are successfully solved. Based on the above findings, we submit our suggestions concerning mathematics teachings.