Instructional Design for Culturally Diverse Online Learners
Abstract: Cultural differences play a substantial role in learning. The delivery of instructional material should be sensitive to cultural differences, variable learning styles, and learner needs. The purpose of this literature review is to study how instructional design principles can be used to overcome the impact of cultural differences in the design of courses for culturally diverse online learners. An attempt has been made to delineate the parameters of cultural difference and discuss how the awareness of cultural differences can be reflected in culturally sensitive instructional design practices. Cultural differences in the perception and use of technology has been reviewed. The use of Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences in relation to good English as a Second Language instructional design is also discussed.