Characteristics and Challenges of Japanese Computer Science Education in Elementary Level
Abstract: The Japanese government conducted curriculum reform to integrate computer science into its informatics education and will implement it by 2020 at the elementary level. There is a growing need for research in this field to deliver effective teaching. This research extracted learning goals from empirical studies of computer science education from Japan and other countries at the elementary level and inductively classified the learning goals into nine categories. The learning goal categories are analyzed by the stand point of view to look at differences between studies where computer science education was conducted as an individual subject and studies where it was conducted as a cross-curricular approach, including differences in approach between Japan and other countries. The analysis showed future research needs in the areas of grades, subjects, and effective teaching strategies.